Descending Perfect Intervals, Learn to Build and Recognize Descending Perfect Intervals
Mar 27 2013, 10:48 AM
Post #1
Mar 27 2013, 10:48 AM
Theory Instructor
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What Are Descending Perfect Intervals?

In this Theory lesson we’ll be looking at one of the most commonly used intervals in modern music, the Descending Perfect Interval, which are related to the Ascending Perfect Intervals we looked at in a previous lesson.

To recognize and build Descending Perfect Intervals, you will need to have a decent understanding of their Ascending Perfect Interval cousins.

So, before you dig deeper into today’s theory lesson, check out the “What Are Perfect Intervals” lesson for a brush up on those intervals if needed.

If you’re ready to dive in, or have completed your review of Ascending Perfect Intervals, then here are the formulas for deriving and recognizing the two Descending Perfect Intervals.

Descending Perfect 4th Intervals

The first interval that we’ll look at in this lesson is the Descending Perfect 4th Interval. Here, you simply take an Ascending Perfect 5th Interval and lower the second note by an octave.

So, if you have the notes G-D, an ascending P5, and you lower the D by an octave you get the notes G moving down to D, a Descending Perfect 4th Interval.

Here are a couple of examples of Descending Perfect 4th intervals written out on different parts of the neck.

After you’ve learned how to build a Descending Perfect 4th interval, go ahead and write a number of them out and post your work below.

I will be happy to go over and check your work to make sure that you’re on the right track when it comes to identifying and writing this interval.

Descending Perfect 5th Intervals

The second interval we’ll look at is the Descending Perfect 5th Interval.

Here, you take an Ascending Perfect 4th, lower the 2nd note by an octave, and you get a Descending P5 Interval.

This means, that if you have the notes G-C, an Ascending P4, and you lower C by one octave, you get the notes G moving down to C, a Descending P5 Interval.

Here are a couple of examples of Descending Perfect 5th intervals written out on different parts of the neck.

After you’ve learned how to build a Descending Perfect 5th interval, go ahead and write a number of them out and post your work below.

I will be happy to go over and check your work to make sure that you’re on the right track when it comes to identifying and writing this interval.

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This post has been edited by The Professor: Mar 27 2013, 10:48 AM

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