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> Mic And Preamp, chain that I use for rec. vocal
Nemanja Filipovi...
post Jun 14 2008, 12:25 PM
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Hi people,I will try to explain more of the chain I use to record vocal in my lesson,and generally recording vocal in Nuendo(Cubase).I use Nuendo 3 with E MU 0404 sound card.


Technical Specifications


Sample Rates: 44.1, 48, 96, 192kHz from internal crystal or externally supplied clock (no sample rate conversion)
Bit Depths: 24-bit I/O, 32-bit processing
PCI Specification:
- PCI 2.2 Compliant
- Form Factor: Universal Keyed, Short PCI Card
- 3.3V I/O, 5V Tolerant
- PCI Bus-Mastering DMA subsystem reduces CPU usage
E-MU E-DSP™ 32-bit DSP with 67-bit accumulator (double precision w/ 3 headroom bits)
Hardware-accelerated, 32-channel mixing, and multi-effects processing
Zero-latency direct hardware monitoring w/effects
ASIO 2.0, WDM/MME/DirectSound Drivers
Anti-Pop speaker protection minimizes noise during power on/off
Ultra-low jitter, clock subsystem: < 1 ns in PLL mode (44.1kHz, Opt. S/PDIF Sync)

Analog Line Inputs (2)

Type: DC-coupled, low-noise input circuitry
A/D converter: PCM1804
OpAmp: NJM2068
Level: -10dBV nominal, 6dBV max (unbalanced)
Frequency Response (20Hz - 20kHz): +0.20/-0.10dB
Dynamic Range (1kHz, A-weighted): 111dB
Signal-to-Noise Ratio (A-weighted): 111dB
THD+N (1kHz at -1dBFS): -100dB (.001%)
Stereo Crosstalk (1kHz at -1dBFS): < -120dB

Analog Line Outputs (2)

Type: low-noise, 3-pole low-pass differential filter
D/A converter: AK4396
Level: -10dBV nominal, 6dBV max (unbalanced)
Frequency Response (20Hz - 20kHz): + 0.05/-0.10dB,
Dynamic Range (1kHz, A-weighted): 116dB
Signal-to-Noise Ratio (A-weighted): 116dB
THD+N (1kHz at -1dBFS): -100dB (.001%)
Stereo Crosstalk (1kHz at -1dBFS): < -109dB

Digital I/O

- 2 in/2 out optical or coaxial (transformer coupled)
- AES/EBU or S/PDIF format (software selectable)
- 1 in, 1 out


Internal crystal sync at 44.1, 48, 96, 192kHz
External sample rate sync via
- S/PDIF (opt. or coax 44.1 - 96kHz)

Retail Box Contents

E-MU 0404 PCI card
Analog I/O breakout cable
Digital I/O breakout cable
Quick Start installation guide
E-MU Digital Audio Systems CD-ROM
- Windows® 2000, XP and XP x64 Drivers
- E-MU PatchMix DSP
- E-MU Power FX
- E-MU E-DSP FX Library
- Owner's Manual and Tutorials
E-MU Production Tools software bundle CD-ROM
- Cakewalk SONAR LE
- Steinberg Cubase LE
- Ableton Live 4 Lite for E-MU
- Steinberg Wavelab Lite
- IK Multimedia AmpliTube LE
- Minnetonka diskWelder BRONZE (Trial)
- SFX Machine LT
- E-MU Proteus X LE (over 1000 sounds included)

Minimum System Requirements

Intel® or AMD® processor - 1 GHz or faster
Intel, AMD or 100% compatible motherboard & chipset
Microsoft® Windows® XP (SP 2) or Windows XP x64
256MB System RAM
900MB of free hard disk space for full installation
PCI 2.1 compliant slot for E-MU 0404 PCI card
CD-ROM/CD-RW or DVD-ROM drive required for software installation
XVGA Video (1024 X 768)

The Chain

It is important to know your soundcard,so you know what can go in(and where),and what is going out.So,I haw a Behringer ULTRAVOICE XM 8500 mic,and from him I use the XLR(cannon) cable to my Behringer TUBE ULTRAGIN MIC 100 preamp,my preamp haw two inputs(XLR and one instrumental,like the end of cable for your guitar).From there,I use balanced cable from preams output,and with him I a m going in to one of the analog inputs on my soundcard(I haw two inputs). That is the main chain when it comes to hardware equipment.


First I am opening new project,and then I am going to controls(F 4),and I need to add bus for the microphone I just plugged in.So,I am adding bus(simply just right click on the Right Input(we put the mic in right for example),and add bus).You can name it how ever you want.Then when we go back to the main window,we add the audio channel(good thing is,that you can make your own key commands,so when I want to add audio channel I simply pres "A").When we did that,in the channel we just created in the settings we make the choice of the bus we created earlier.

Setting the input and output gain on preamp

If I sing some thing quiet and I want it to sound "dry",I set my input and output almost to the end,and because I haw dynamic mic,I put some thing in front of me(between me and mic) because the hard "P"(maybe a thin T shirt smile.gif ).
And if it is a chorus,and I haw to sing some thing really strong I sett the level on the half of the scale(and move a bit from the mic).
You all so need to do that in Nuendo,so your signal dont clip.You can do that by singing the highest and the strongest note ,and if it does not clip,your fine.

Next pres record and make your

Hope this helps some one who haw the problems of chaining all the equipment together.

Check out my video lessons and instructor board!

Participate im my new Crazy Blues Collaboration
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Ivan Milenkovic
post Jun 14 2008, 03:01 PM
Post #2

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Joined: 20-November 07
From: Belgrade, Serbia
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Nice tips Nemanja, thanks smile.gif

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