Triads - 3 String Chords, aimed for beginners
Jan 8 2009, 11:00 PM
Learning Tone Seeker
Posts: 2.093
Joined: 5-August 08
From: Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Introduction
Hey guys, my name is Roger, am 33 years old and living in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. I've been playing the guitar seriously for about 1.5 years now (with also some less serious playing back when I was 16-17). Besides playing the guitar, I have always been involved in playing music (piano, keyboards, drums), which certainly is helpful for rhythmic feeling etc. About 5 months ago I started my own band together with two other persons, which gives a nice boost in my playing abilities as well.

I hope you will like my first S.I. video lesson.

Structure
2. Theory background
3. The lesson
4. How to implement the exercises
5. Last words

This lesson is primarily aimed towards beginners (with some theory knowledge) which would help them gain knowledge on the following aspects:

- Fretboard interval knowledge (focussed on chords)
- Finding chords on several places on the fretboard
- Chord inversions
- Arpeggio alternate picking (not main goal of this lesson)

2. Theory background

Basically, a major triad chord is build from the following 3 notes: the root (1), the major third (3) and the perfect fifth (5). If you look at this chord from an interval point of view the interval between the root and the major third contains 4 semitones (and is called a major third interval) and the interval between the major third and the perfect fifth is contains 3 semitones (this is called a minor third interval). So basically the major triad chords is a major third interval + a minor third interval.

A minor triad chord is build from the following 3 notes: the root (1), the minor third (b3) and the perfect fifth (5). If you look at this chord from an interval point of view the interval between the root and the minor third contains 3 semitones (and is called a minor third interval) and the interval
between the major third and the perfect fifth is contains 4 semitones (this is called a major third interval). So basically the minor triad chords is a minor third interval + a major third interval.

The exercises in section 3 are based on the C-shape, A-shape and E-shape basic triad chords in the so-called CAGED system. As Andrew made an excellent theory series about the CAGED system I would certainly like to refer to that.

Basically CAGED shapes are referring to 5 standard chord shapes which are very useful for many things (scale knowledge, chord knowledge, fretboard knowledge etc), and we will be using 3 of those 5 standard chord shapes as the basis for our current lesson:

First we have the so-called C-shape. For example, the D major chord in it's C-shape is tabbed out like this:

|---2---| 3rd
|---3---| Root
|---2---| 5th
|---4---| 3rd
|---5---| Root
|-------|

Then we have the so-called A-shape. For example, the D major chord in it's A-shape is tabbed out like this:

|---5---| 5th
|---7---| 3rd
|---7---| Root
|---7---| 5th
|---5---| Root
|-------|

And finally, we have the so-called E-shape. For example, the D major chord in it's E-shape is tabbed out like this:

|---10---| Root
|---10---| 5th
|---11---| 3rd
|---12---| Root
|---12---| 5th
|---10---| Root

As already mentioned above, the major/minor triads are build from the root (1), major/minor third (b3/3) and the perfect fifth. You will notice in the exercises in section 3 that we are actually using so-called inversions of the D major and minor chord for each of those 3 string positions.

I will try to explain very shortly what inversions are: Again taking the example D chord: basically, if your playing the root note (D) on the bass string (lowest string used), this means that you have no inversion. When you play your major/minor third (F#) on the lowest string used, you are playing an
inverted chord (inversion #1). When you play you perfect fifth (A) on the lowest string used, you are playing again an inverted chord (inversion #2). Most important thing to remember here at this moment is: if the root note is not the lowest note played (effectively the lowest note of a chord is very often also the note played on the lowest string), you are actually playing an inverted chord.

3. The lesson
For this lesson, I have recorded video's which cover 3-string simple major and minor triad chords at 3 positions on the fretboard. I have separated the video's for each position of the D major and D minor triad chords (video 1: C-shape position, video 2: A-shape position, video 3: E-shape position). The
video's start of with a picture of the basic D major chords (see tabs in section 3). I have attached the Guitar Pro tabs for reference as well.

Video 1: C-shape D major / D minor triad arpeggio's

In this exercise you will have the same patterns but then played again a bit higher on the fretboard, at the E-shape position. And once again use alternate picking at all times!

4. How to implement the exercises
Well, what to do when you play these exercises. First of all, this exercise is not primarily build to achieve extreme alternate picking skills or any other technique. It is based on actually seeing while playing which note of the chord you are actually playing (so root, major/minor third or perfect
fifth).

By learning this exercise actually quite slowly (always use a metronome while practicing), and thinking (or even speaking) with each note you pick whether you are picking the root, major/minor third or perfect fifth will establish after a while good knowledge where these essential basic building
blocks for chords are located on all the strings for that position on the fretboard. Remember, it's not important to play these exercises at crazy speeds at this time!

Secondly, once you have established enough knowledge regarding the position of the major/minor third and the perfect fifth in relation to the root note (for all the chords: 3 positions x 4 string combinations = 12 chords for D major & 12 chords for D minor), you can yourself expand the chord knowledge by adapting the exercise to include besides D major / D minor also the
following chords: Dsus2, Dsus4, Daug, Ddim

What are those chords build from:
Dsus2: root (1), major second (2) and perfect fifth (5)
Dsus4: root (1), perfect fourth (4) and perfect fifth (5)

These so-called suspended triad chords are basically replacing the third by either a second or a fourth.

Daug: root (1), major third (3) and augmented fifth (#5); This augmented chord is based on D major but with an augmented (sharp) fifth.
Ddim: root (1), minor third (b3) and diminished fifth (b5); This diminished chord is based on D minor but with an diminished (flat) fifth.

As an example, below these 4 chords are shown in tab for the first D major chord we played in video 1:

Dsus2 chord:
------0-------0----|------0----0-----|
----3---3---3---3--|----3---3--3-----|
--2-------2--------|--2--------2-----|
-------------------|-----------------|
-------------------|-----------------|
-------------------|-----------------|

Dsus4 chord:
------4-------4----|------4----4-----|
----3---3---3---3--|----3---3--3-----|
--2-------2--------|--2--------2-----|
-------------------|-----------------|
-------------------|-----------------|
-------------------|-----------------|

Daug chord:
------2-------2----|------2----2-----|
----3---3---3---3--|----3---3--3-----|
--3-------3--------|--3--------3-----|
-------------------|-----------------|
-------------------|-----------------|
-------------------|-----------------|

Ddim chord:
------1-------1----|------1----1-----|
----3---3---3---3--|----3---3--3-----|
--1-------1--------|--1--------1-----|
-------------------|-----------------|
-------------------|-----------------|
-------------------|-----------------|

You should be able to figure out yourself the same changes for all the other positions.

Finally, I have only used the D chords in this exercise as an example,but you can use the same patterns all over the fretboard by shifting the patterns up and down (e.g. 2 frets up to play the E chord). A good exercise to find the appropriate chords you would like to play, is by using a standard chord progression (e.g. a standard blues scheme (I – IV – V), and force yourself to not play two times the same shape (C, A or E shape) of one of these chords in the progression (so when switching from I to IV (e.g. D to G) you should switch from C-shape to e.g. A-shape. In this beginning this will be rather difficult to do, but the longer you try it, it will get better.

5. Last words
Although the information shown to you in this lesson may be seen as rather boring and quite a lot (at least I had that feeling the first time Icame into contact with it , you will certainly notice that the longer you play, this basic knowledge will certainly help you to become a more versatile guitarist with sufficient possibilities to play chords all over the fretboard, use very minimal chords shapes (only 3 strings) to spice up your playing and to instantly change a certain chord during improvising. Furthermore,this basic chord/fretboard knowledge is also very helpful for developing your solo guitar abilities.

In one of my future lessons, I would like to cover a bit more advanced topic on how you can see e.g. in each of these patterns several other chords at the same time. For example any of the D minor triads you learned in this lesson can also be used as a Bbmaj7, F6 or an G9 chord (but of course not using all the individual notes of those chords). I won't go into detail on this now, as the above is enough information for now. But just imagine at a certain moment how much your chord database will be increased in by using exactly the same shapes .

I hope you liked my lesson, and any comments, points for correctionand/or suggestions for improvement are more than welcome!

I would also be more than happy to explain in more detail any of theaspects covered above of course .

Roger

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This post has been edited by Velvet Roger: Nov 28 2009, 10:22 PM

Attached File(s)

--------------------
"Don't practice until you get it right. Practice until you can't get it wrong."

Guitars & Amps
Brian Moore DC-1 Custom Shop (Cherry Sunburst, mahogany/rosewood)
Eric Johnson Signature Strat (2-tone Sunburst, alder/maple)
Ibanez RG770 (Black, basswood/rosewood)
Peerless Journeyman (solid spruce/maple)
Sixt Bov-105C (Ovation-like acoustic) - Ibanez SGT-130 (Jumbo acoustic)
London City VS-1 (Precision bass) - Baton Rouge U3S (Ukelele)
Fender HotRod Deluxe 40W combo - Fender Princeton Reverb Reissue 5W combo - Marshall JCM 900 50W Hi-Gain combo

Effects & Other stuff
POD Studio UX2 audio interface - Edirol MA-15D monitors
EH Double Muff - Fulltone GT-500 - Fulltone Fulldrive 2 Mosfet - Guitarsystems TrebleTool Junior - Guitarsystems FuzzTool Junior
Korg Pitchblack Tuner - MXR Carbon Copy Analog Delay - TC Electronics Nova Modulator - Morley Bad Horsie 2 Wah
Shure SM58 - Roland PCR-500 midi controller/keyboard & Yamaha Clavinova CL-910 piano

My Website
My MySpace Page
My Band 'Gonzo!'

Jan 8 2009, 11:24 PM
Learning Tone Guru - Community Coordinator & Moderator
Posts: 6.319
Joined: 24-September 07
From: Sittingbourne, UK
The info you`ve packed into this is excellent mate, great job, well done!

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Jan 8 2009, 11:28 PM
GMC:er
Posts: 1.202
Joined: 23-September 08
From: Istanbul
Great lesson Roger, very useful information mate, that is a wonderful first S.I lesson, keep'em comming!

# You are at GuitarMasterClass.net

Don't miss today's free lick. Plus all our lessons are packed with free content!

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Spoiler:

it, surely, spoiled me!!!

and may the force be with you :)
Jan 8 2009, 11:32 PM
Learning Tone Seeker
Posts: 2.093
Joined: 5-August 08
From: Amsterdam, The Netherlands
QUOTE (Smells @ Jan 8 2009, 11:24 PM)
The info you`ve packed into this is excellent mate, great job, well done!

Thanks Chris! Tried to not overdo it

QUOTE (enforcer @ Jan 8 2009, 11:28 PM)
Great lesson Roger, very useful information mate, that is a wonderful first S.I lesson, keep'em comming!

Cheers Can! I certainly aim to continue doing these (they do take loads of time to create though , spend half my day at work writing the text ).

# You are at GuitarMasterClass.net

Don't miss today's free lick. Plus all our lessons are packed with free content!

Don't miss today's free blues, jazz & country licks. Plus all our lessons are packed with free content!

--------------------
"Don't practice until you get it right. Practice until you can't get it wrong."

Guitars & Amps
Brian Moore DC-1 Custom Shop (Cherry Sunburst, mahogany/rosewood)
Eric Johnson Signature Strat (2-tone Sunburst, alder/maple)
Ibanez RG770 (Black, basswood/rosewood)
Peerless Journeyman (solid spruce/maple)
Sixt Bov-105C (Ovation-like acoustic) - Ibanez SGT-130 (Jumbo acoustic)
London City VS-1 (Precision bass) - Baton Rouge U3S (Ukelele)
Fender HotRod Deluxe 40W combo - Fender Princeton Reverb Reissue 5W combo - Marshall JCM 900 50W Hi-Gain combo

Effects & Other stuff
POD Studio UX2 audio interface - Edirol MA-15D monitors
EH Double Muff - Fulltone GT-500 - Fulltone Fulldrive 2 Mosfet - Guitarsystems TrebleTool Junior - Guitarsystems FuzzTool Junior
Korg Pitchblack Tuner - MXR Carbon Copy Analog Delay - TC Electronics Nova Modulator - Morley Bad Horsie 2 Wah
Shure SM58 - Roland PCR-500 midi controller/keyboard & Yamaha Clavinova CL-910 piano

My Website
My MySpace Page
My Band 'Gonzo!'

Jan 8 2009, 11:42 PM
Learning Roadie - Never Give Up - Moderator
Posts: 7.461
Joined: 25-November 07
From: Charlotte,NC USA
Nice informative and well structured lesson Roger. I can certainly tell you put some effort into it. Good job bro!

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Jan 8 2009, 11:42 PM
Learning Rock Star
Posts: 1.456
Joined: 16-October 08
From: The Netherlands
Velvet Roger,

This is very good information.

Well done.

Thx

p.s. nice strat you have ther btw.

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Gear:

Guitars
Music Man Luke BFR , Music Man JP LTD 2008, Paul Reed Smith Santana III, Gibson Les Paul, Ovation Adamas, Ovation Ultra

Amps
Hughes & Kettner Switchblade 50 combo

Effects
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Recording
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Jan 9 2009, 09:08 AM
Learning Tone Seeker
Posts: 2.093
Joined: 5-August 08
From: Amsterdam, The Netherlands
QUOTE (skennington @ Jan 8 2009, 11:42 PM)
Nice informative and well structured lesson Roger. I can certainly tell you put some effort into it. Good job bro!

Thanks mate, was fun making it

QUOTE (playaxeman @ Jan 8 2009, 11:42 PM)
Velvet Roger,

This is very good information.

Well done.

Thx

p.s. nice strat you have ther btw.

Thanks, yeah I like my strat very much, will never sell it in my life

# You are at GuitarMasterClass.net

Don't miss today's free lick. Plus all our lessons are packed with free content!

Don't miss today's free blues, jazz & country licks. Plus all our lessons are packed with free content!

--------------------
"Don't practice until you get it right. Practice until you can't get it wrong."

Guitars & Amps
Brian Moore DC-1 Custom Shop (Cherry Sunburst, mahogany/rosewood)
Eric Johnson Signature Strat (2-tone Sunburst, alder/maple)
Ibanez RG770 (Black, basswood/rosewood)
Peerless Journeyman (solid spruce/maple)
Sixt Bov-105C (Ovation-like acoustic) - Ibanez SGT-130 (Jumbo acoustic)
London City VS-1 (Precision bass) - Baton Rouge U3S (Ukelele)
Fender HotRod Deluxe 40W combo - Fender Princeton Reverb Reissue 5W combo - Marshall JCM 900 50W Hi-Gain combo

Effects & Other stuff
POD Studio UX2 audio interface - Edirol MA-15D monitors
EH Double Muff - Fulltone GT-500 - Fulltone Fulldrive 2 Mosfet - Guitarsystems TrebleTool Junior - Guitarsystems FuzzTool Junior
Korg Pitchblack Tuner - MXR Carbon Copy Analog Delay - TC Electronics Nova Modulator - Morley Bad Horsie 2 Wah
Shure SM58 - Roland PCR-500 midi controller/keyboard & Yamaha Clavinova CL-910 piano

My Website
My MySpace Page
My Band 'Gonzo!'

Jan 9 2009, 10:52 AM
GMC:er
Posts: 553
Joined: 3-January 09
From: Szczecin, Poland
Good lesson, which brings the theory behind it to the life Nice excerises, thanks for that

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utak3r.pl
Jan 9 2009, 11:46 PM
Instructor
Posts: 25.396
Joined: 20-November 07
Great lesson Roger, really in-depth! Good job man!

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Jan 10 2009, 02:36 AM
Instructor
Posts: 8.109
Joined: 13-September 08
From: Nis, Serbia
Very well done, perfectly layed out first lesson Roger !
Keep them coming man

# You are at GuitarMasterClass.net

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Jan 10 2009, 08:46 AM
Learning Tone Seeker
Posts: 2.093
Joined: 5-August 08
From: Amsterdam, The Netherlands
QUOTE (utak3r @ Jan 9 2009, 10:52 AM)
Good lesson, which brings the theory behind it to the life Nice excerises, thanks for that

QUOTE (Ivan Milenkovic @ Jan 9 2009, 11:46 PM)
Great lesson Roger, really in-depth! Good job man!

Tried to go a bit further than just the top-layer

QUOTE (Pedja Simovic @ Jan 10 2009, 02:36 AM)
Very well done, perfectly layed out first lesson Roger !
Keep them coming man

Thanks Pedja!

# You are at GuitarMasterClass.net

Don't miss today's free lick. Plus all our lessons are packed with free content!

Don't miss today's free blues, jazz & country licks. Plus all our lessons are packed with free content!

--------------------
"Don't practice until you get it right. Practice until you can't get it wrong."

Guitars & Amps
Brian Moore DC-1 Custom Shop (Cherry Sunburst, mahogany/rosewood)
Eric Johnson Signature Strat (2-tone Sunburst, alder/maple)
Ibanez RG770 (Black, basswood/rosewood)
Peerless Journeyman (solid spruce/maple)
Sixt Bov-105C (Ovation-like acoustic) - Ibanez SGT-130 (Jumbo acoustic)
London City VS-1 (Precision bass) - Baton Rouge U3S (Ukelele)
Fender HotRod Deluxe 40W combo - Fender Princeton Reverb Reissue 5W combo - Marshall JCM 900 50W Hi-Gain combo

Effects & Other stuff
POD Studio UX2 audio interface - Edirol MA-15D monitors
EH Double Muff - Fulltone GT-500 - Fulltone Fulldrive 2 Mosfet - Guitarsystems TrebleTool Junior - Guitarsystems FuzzTool Junior
Korg Pitchblack Tuner - MXR Carbon Copy Analog Delay - TC Electronics Nova Modulator - Morley Bad Horsie 2 Wah
Shure SM58 - Roland PCR-500 midi controller/keyboard & Yamaha Clavinova CL-910 piano

My Website
My MySpace Page
My Band 'Gonzo!'

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