Music Theory Series Part 2- Chords, by Dogukan Ozturk
Mar 3 2011, 05:47 PM
Learning Tone Master
Posts: 1.094
Joined: 16-October 10
From: Bursa,Turkey
Hey all.Dogukan Ozturk here.Welcome to my Music Theory Series part 2.In todays lesson we will take a look at how to
construct a chord.So lets get started.

We can build a chord from a scale.We can build 7 basic chords from a given scale.

The formula is:

(b=flat,#=sharp)

-We take 1,3 and 5th notes of the scale to build a Major Chord
-We take 1,b3 and 5th notes of the scale to build a Minor Chord

There are many other chords but these to are two most common chords.I will give the other chord formulas
at the end of the lesson.

So lets continue with an example.Take C Major scale:

C D E F G A B C

The first(root) note is:C
The third note is:E
The fifth note is:G

If we put them together we have a C Major Chord.Lets take the other notes of the scale since i mentioned before
that we can build 7 basic chords from a given scale.Everytime we will make the 1,3,5 combination within the scale
eventually we will get 7 chords from 1 given scale.

If we start with D in the C Major Scale:

The first note is:D
The third note is:F
The fifth note is:A

C D E F G A B C

If we put them together we have a D minor Chord.If you are confused about;we take 1,3 and 5th notes.Why is
this a minor chord instead of major chord?-It's because,actually this is still C Major scale not D.We only started from
a different note in the C Major scale.Since, between D and F we have minor3 interval we have a minor chord.(1,b3,5)

If we start with E in the C Major Scale:

The first note is:E
The third note is:G
The fifth note is:B

C D E F G A B C

If we put them together we have a E minor Chord.

There is a easy way for this.In a Major Scale;We can build Major,Minor,Minor,Major,Major,Minor,Diminished

Meaning;

We can build C Major,D Minor,E Minor,F Major,G Major,A minor,B Diminished chords from the C Major Scale.

This order is same for every Major scales.

Lets take D Major Scale:

D major scale = D E F# G A B C# D

Then the chords are in D are should be like that; D Major,E Minor,F# Minor,G Major,A Major,B Minor,C# Diminished

You can see see the difference between a major and minor chord.
-A D major chord is made up of the notes D, F#, and A.(1,3,5 rule)
-A D minor chord has the notes D, F and A.(1,b3,5 rule)

Finally here are the some other basic chords formulas:

CODE
major = 1 3 5
minor = 1 b3 5
augmented = 1 3 #5
diminished = 1 b3 b5
sus2 = 1 2 5
sus4 = 1 4 5

major 7 = 1 3 5 7
7 = 1 3 5 b7
minor 7 = 1 b3 5 b7
minor 7b5 = 1 b3 b5 b7
diminished 7 = 1 b3 b5 bb7(6)*

6 = 1 3 5 6
minor 6 = 1 b3 5 6

*bb=double flat,means to lower a note by 2 half steps(2 frets)

Hope you enjoy lesson.See you in another lesson of the Music Theory Series.Keep rocking

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Mar 3 2011, 06:01 PM
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Joined: 27-September 09
From: London, UK
To the point. Nice work!

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Mar 3 2011, 06:23 PM
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QUOTE (dark dude @ Mar 3 2011, 05:01 PM)
To the point. Nice work!

Thanks man

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Mar 4 2011, 12:21 AM
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Very good article. Bookmarked!

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Mar 4 2011, 06:48 AM
Learning Tone Master
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QUOTE (Ivan Milenkovic @ Mar 3 2011, 11:21 PM)
Very good article. Bookmarked!

Thanks Ivan

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Mar 5 2011, 05:19 PM
Learning Rock Star - Wiki Coordinator
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From: Spain
Great, I added this one to the wiki too
https://www.guitarmasterclass.net/wiki/inde...hords_SI_Lesson

Keep them coming!

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Mar 5 2011, 09:14 PM
Learning Tone Master
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QUOTE (Fran @ Mar 5 2011, 04:19 PM)
Great, I added this one to the wiki too
https://www.guitarmasterclass.net/wiki/inde...hords_SI_Lesson

Keep them coming!

Thanks Fran I'm prepairing another lesson.I will publish it soon

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Mar 5 2011, 11:22 PM
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Nice job. Keep up the good work

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