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> How To Solo Over Minor Chords 3 - Phrygian Sounds
The Professor
post Aug 28 2013, 01:23 PM
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Phrygian Over Minor Chords



In today’s lesson, our third look at various ways that you can explore when soloing over Minor Chords, we’ll be looking at different sounds that come from the Phrygian Mode, other wise known as the third mode of the Major Scale.

We will check out triad pairs, arpeggios, pentatonic and full scales, how to build and practice these different melodic ideas as well as how to apply them to your soloing ideas.

The Phrygian sound is a great way to bring a Fusion Rock, Flamenco or Al Di Meola vibe to your minor chord soloing ideas, as it is found in many of the memorable solos by legendary players in those genres in this context.

So without further ado, let’s dig into soloing over Minor Chords using Phrygian sounds!



Phrygian Triad Pairs



The first idea we’ll look at is using two 3-note triads to outline the Phrygian sound over a minor chord in your solos.

We’ll be playing a minor triad from the root of the given chord, and so you are playing the 1-b3-5 of that chord when using this triad, as well as a minor triad from the b7th note of that chord, b7-b2-4.

In the key of Am, this would mean playing an Am triad, A-C-E, to produce the Root, flat 3rd and 5th of that chord, as well as a Gm triad, G-Bb-D, to produce the b7-b9-11 of that same chord.

Here is a fingering to get you started with this triad pair on the fretboard.


Attached Image



Click to learn more about Minor Triads for Guitar



Minor Triad Soloing Exercise



Once you have learned the Triad Pair fingering above, put on the backing track at the bottom of this article and practice soloing over those chords using only their related minor triad pair to bring a Phrygian sound to your lines using these fun shapes.




m7b9 Arpeggios



You can also use arpeggios to outline a Phrygian sound in your minor chord soloing lines, in particular the m7b9 arpeggio.

Built from the first, 3rd, 5th, 7th and 9th notes of the Phrygian Mode, 1-b3-5-b7-b9, the m7b9 arpeggio is a great way to get right to the heart of the Phrygian sound as you create lines over minor chords on the guitar.

Here are a few fingerings to check out to get you started with learning how to play m7b9 arpeggios on guitar.


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m7b9 Arpeggios Soloing Exercise



Once you have learned one or both of the above m7b9 arpeggio fingerings, put on the backing track at the bottom of this article and practice soloing over those chords using only their related m7b9 arpeggio shapes.

Start by sticking to the 6th-string root shapes for each m7b9 arpeggio, then move on to the 5th-string root, and finally move between both shapes as you navigate the chord changes on the backing track.



Phrygian Pentatonic Scale



You can also use the Phrygian Pentatonic Scale to solo over minor chords in order to bring that Phrygian vibe to your licks and riffs.

Built by taking the Phrygian Scale and leaving out the 4th and 6th notes, you form the intervals 1-b2-b3-5-b7, the notes of the Phrygian Pentatonic Scale.

This allows you to use the pentatonic sound as it directly relates to the underlying Phrygian Scale for the chord you are on.

Here are two examples of the Phrygian Pentatonic Scale to help get you started.



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Phrygian Pentatonic Soloing Exercise



Once you have learned one or both of the above Phrygian Pentatonic Scale fingerings, put on the backing track at the bottom of this article and practice soloing over those chords using only their related Phrygian Pentatonic Scale shapes.

Start by sticking to the 6th-string root shapes for each Phrygian Pentatonic Scale, then move on to the 5th-string root, and finally move between both shapes as you navigate the chord changes on the backing track.




Phrygian Scale



The last approach to bringing a Phrygian sound to your major chord soloing ideas is the Phrygian Scale itself.

The third mode of the major scale, the Phrygian Mode has the interval pattern 1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7, allowing it to outline the m7b9 arpeggio, with the 11th and b13th thrown in for good measure.

Here are two fingerings for the Phrygian Scale that you can check out in order to get started with this scale on the fretboard.


Attached Image



Click to learn more about Phrygian Scales for Guitar



Phrygian Scale Soloing Exercise



Once you have learned one or both of the above Phrygian Scale fingerings, put on the backing track at the bottom of this article and practice soloing over those chords using only their related Phrygian Scale shapes.

Start by sticking to the 6th-string root shapes for each Phrygian Scale, then move on to the 5th-string root, and finally move between both shapes as you navigate the chord changes on the backing track.



Minor Triad Backing Track



The following backing track was built for you to use with the above improvisational exercises.

Here is the chord progression on that backing track so you can work through a number of different keys when soloing over this track. Have fun!

Bm-Em-Am-Dm-Gm-Cm all 4 bars each, listen for the changes!


Attached File  Minor_Backing_Track.mp3 ( 4.58MB ) Number of downloads: 201



Do you have any questions or comments about applying Phrygian sounds to a Minor Chord? Post your thoughts in the comments thread below.


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klasaine
post Aug 28 2013, 04:51 PM
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As the Prof mentioned, Al DiMeola is probably the easiest guy to hear obvious Phrygian usage in. And it's a great sound!
'Race With the Devil On Spanish Highway' has a ton of cool phryg lines.

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This post has been edited by klasaine: Aug 28 2013, 06:19 PM


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The Professor
post Aug 28 2013, 04:59 PM
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great line and great example of Phrygian!


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